Tháng Một 18, 2021

Tour of my Home Network (Updated March 2020)

about three years ago I did a tour of my home network and it turned out to be way more popular than I had imagined well a lot has changed since then and I'm going to give you an updated tour and show you what it looks like today stick around to the end of this video and I'll answer a ton of the questions I get about all of this [Music] [Music] in the 2017 video we started outside where Frontier Communications installed their optical network terminal many of you mistook this for my own router and Ont is owned by the ISP and is responsible for converting the fiber connection over to a Gigabit Ethernet pots lines and cable TV service I don't have any access to this device well since that video frontier has made a lot of changes first they move the Ont inside to my garage into a different housing this was at my request because I felt like the old install was a hack job second my speed has been increased to gigabit albeit still about thirty percent higher than AT&T is charging right down the street for the same service as mentioned in the 2017 tour we had our builder put in a dedicated AV closet off the theater room this room has changed a lot too I now run my entire network on ubiquity unify gear and I love it my course which is a unify us XG 16 this is where all of my server gear plugs in or anything that needs 10 gigabit my access which is a unify us W pro 48 gen 2 this is where everything else in the house plugs in including p OE cameras desktop PCs TVs etc now anywhere in the house that I need more ports that I have vol Jax is a unify us 6 TW 8 port managed switch these are awesome because not only do they support p OE but they also are part of the Sdn allowing you to pass security policy VLANs etc while remote monitoring them via SNMP in the case of my living room this means I can have my security camera on the secure network and my TV on the regular network for my firewall I have replaced the old one with a super mikro of 501 8 d FN 8 t this server is designed to be used as a router or firewall appliance and has 12 gigabit ports to SFP+ ports for 10 gig and an IP mi management it's uplink to the course which with a 10 gig of fiber sfp+ it's running a xeon d 15 18 and 32 gigabytes of ram this allows me to run lots of open VPN sessions including a VPN to my brother's house the 8 bit guy PF blocker IPs and ids for security and more in my opinion this is the absolute best box you can buy to run a large pfSense firewall on now let's move on to my servers and storage in the 2017 video I was running to homebrew servers with Intel Core i7 7700 K CPUs and 32 gigabytes of RAM I also had a Synology RS 24 16 plus 4 storage today things here have changed quite a bit as well I am now running two Super Micro 501 nine PM 1u servers both have Xeon for 1 1 for scalable CPUs with 96 gigabytes of RAM these are running VMware ESXi and get their storage from a Synology RS 36:18 XS running a xeon d 15 21 and 32 gigs of ram these are all connected to the core switch with redundant 10 gigabit links let's break this down a bit first we have two Super Micro 501 9 p.


servers running a VMware cluster with H a and DRS enabled this allows virtual machines to move between these two servers to balance the load or to recover automatically from a hardware failure both of these boxes are identical configurations I named them TARDIS 1 and TARDIS 2 because they are bigger on the inside next I have a Synology RS 34:18 XS Naz with 88 terabytes of raw capacity and then an rs.

20 for 16 plus NAS with 24 terabytes of raw capacity the 24:16 has been replaced under warranty due to the Intel Atom bug okay so what runs on all this hardware on the TARDIS vSphere cluster I run plex for serving video to all of my devices home seer for home automation vCenter server for managing the virtual machines my sequel for back in databases for all kinds of things a couple of Windows domain controllers a bunch of servers running all kinds of things such as time servers even have a full copy of Wikipedia in case of the zombie apocalypse and I use observe iam to monitor all of my hardware and servers on Nazz one I have a 42 terabyte volume that stores all of my plex video as well as the fouth shares for my video editing Mac and a 24 terabyte valium for VMware vSphere were all of my virtual machines live this volume is fronted by two Samsung Evo 860 SSDs to add some performance on Nazz 2 I have a 9 terabyte volume for surveillance station this is the NVR for all of my cameras and another 9 terabyte volume for general file storage and a sync share for Dropbox ok so back to the home network for a minute I still use this HD homerun x10 to distribute an analog signal to all of my TVs and devices over Ethernet Plex integrates with this natively and allows for me to watch live TV anywhere in the house or around the world for that matter I also still use the home sears ena for connecting my z-wave devices to the home server virtual machine for those wondering this is indeed nothing more than a Raspberry Pi with a z-wave hat and some proprietary home sear software one major change I have made is that I've moved my entire house over to ubiquity unify wireless access points I personally think these are the absolute best access points you can buy for a home I couldn't be happier I also run a guest network on these APs through PF sense that allow any of my visiting friends or family to get internet access without having says to my home network albeit throttled to 100 megabit in the 2017 video I also mentioned that I had a dedicated exhaust fan in the server room running 24/7 to remove heat this is still in place however I did upgrade the fan to a much larger CFM version just a few months back this dropped the temperature in the room by almost 20 degrees now let's move over to my office I no longer used my Mac is a primary workstation I just got fed up with Apple and went back to Windows I'm running a core i9 with 64 gigabytes of RAM and a 1080 Ti video card it's plenty for any games that I play I also have a second monitor that I used to see my surveillance cameras outside and to check on system performance in observe iam in the office I also have a 16 inch MacBook Pro setup for video editing I mainly keep the Mac around because I just can't bring myself to switch off of Final Cut Pro I just like it so much better than anything on Windows over here I have my electronic station where I work on the Raspberry Pi and Arduino projects you've likely seen this in many of my videos and behind it is my computer museum where I have many old computers on display mostly ones I used as a kid growing up so let's talk about the things around my house that are connected to the rest of my home network all around the house you will find cameras for security I originally put in d-link but after about 6 months literally every one of them died and got tossed in the garbage since then I have replaced every single camera with axis they've been rock solid and reliable the alarm system is on a secure VLAN and has digital touch pads throughout the house I have digital keypads on the doors that connect to homes here and the alarm system although these actually connect to z-wave and are then bridged over to the security network every TV in the house has an apple TV for streaming from plex Netflix etc even my pool is connected to the network although it's on a separate VLAN to keep the pool company out of my home network our Tesla Model X loves to chew up some bandwidth every evening as it uploads telemetry to Tesla's neural network I still use the Logitech Harmony hubs for automating my media gear it seems to work fine and integrates well with homes here I also still use alexa and many places throughout the house as a primary voice control for home automation and of course r2d2 loves to get on the home network too okay so I'm going to address the most common questions that I got from the 2017 video hopefully they'll apply to this video as well so the first one is why is your cable management so bad and I think a lot of people are confusing the lab portion of my network with the permanently installed portion of my home network and I think if you look back through the video you'll see that anywhere that I installed something permanently cable management looks really well but I'm not going to spend hours and hours dressing in cables for something that I'm likely to change in just a couple of weeks and so I think if you look back through the video you'll see the difference okay so the next most common question is why the plywood and red walls in your server closet and first of all let me address the red walls and so I think many of you must have missed the fact that this is a closet off of our theater room and the theater room is painted red so that it looks like a theater room and when the builders sprayed that closet he just continued to spray the same paint not sure why that's a big deal to some people but that's why the walls are red as far as plywood plywood is very commonly used and server closets and network closets and it's because when you mount something on the wall you generally have to look for a stud when you're when you're mounting something to sheetrock which is what we have here in the States and so if you mount a piece of three-quarter inch or one inch plywood on the wall first then you can mount things anywhere you want and you don't have to worry about finding a stud so that's the reason for plywood okay next up I got a lot of people complaining that you mounted your router on the outside of the house and anyone can hack you I think you're confusing and ont or optical network terminal with a router or firewall and Ont is something that is provided by the telco or the ISP it's usually used in fiber-to-the-home installs which is what we have here so in this case the telco installs this Ont on the side of your house in most cases although they've recently moved it to the garage and our install but that's because I asked them to do it for a completely different reason I wanted to be able to use a UPS and some other things on the box with that said I don't have any access to that appliance it's completely owned and operated by the telco and that is how they all work the purpose of the Ont is to convert the fiber connection from the ISP or from the phone company over to cat5 for Ethernet I think it's rg6 for coax for cable TV and over to standard Potts lines for TV us or for a sorry for phone service and so that is all their device and I don't have any control over it and that's why it was mounted on the outside of the house it is not my firewall or my router okay so next up Alexa is just a spy device in your house and they're listening to everything that you say it's funny to me that people are so worried about my Alexa listening to everything I say yet they don't seem to care much about the cell phone they carry around in their pocket which is connected the internet no matter where they go I think you guys have a problem or you're a little worried about stuff for no reason maybe not sure about that next up is the Super Micro servers have Chinese spyware built into the motherboard okay this has been debunked like a thousand times the guy who originally reported that was short selling super micro stock and he was looking to drive the stock price down because he was losing his shorts that guy is now in prison there is no firmware or motherboard chipset that is spying on you okay next up I see this constantly well if you really cared about security need i say more another question i commonly get is why in the world are you using a mac when you have that awesome gaming rig you can do all your video editing on that well i have to tell you and you can disagree with me if you like but Final Cut Pro is so much better than any offering on the PC I've tried them all and most recently I tried Premiere Pro on the PC I have an Adobe Creative Cloud license or membership what everyone to call it and I couldn't stand it I just absolutely hated it and the way the Final Cut Pro works on the Mac is just it's so much better I'm not gonna spend hours talking about it but that's why I use a Mac still because you just can't beat that piece of software well I hope you enjoyed this home network tour update for 2020 let me know if you have any questions or any other things you'd like to see in the next updated tour which will probably be in a couple of years thanks for watching.

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